Benghazi, Libya

World Mental Health Day

World Mental Health Day

World Mental Health Day, celebrated every year on October 10 to raise public awareness of mental health issues. The purpose of the day is for more open discussions about mental illness and for investments in both services and prevention.


Psychological stress can be defined as the way in which the body responds involuntarily through mental and physical preparations, to any event or impulse that affects its feelings, such as performing a surgical operation, for example, and psychological stress represents a state of imbalance between psychological and physical requirements, And the ability to achieve a successful response when the result of responding to these requirements is of great importance, and psychological stress is considered a state of emotional tension, and a phenomenon resulting from the comparison of the requirements that are asked of the person with his ability to accomplish these requirements and face them, and when there is an imbalance and imbalance in the results Comparison, and in a person’s motivation mechanisms, loss of control, and control over events, and the occurring crisis, all of this leads to the generation of what is called (psychological pressure)

The term psychological pressure is often used alternately with the term anxiety, and despite this overlap between the two terms, anxiety is considered a result of feeling stressed, and one researcher believes that psychological stress represents a response that goes through three main stages, namely: [2] the stage of trauma or impact (In English: Alarm Stage): It is the stage in which the physical side is stimulated; To face the threat, as the body secretes hormones, the heartbeat increases, breathing accelerates, and the person prepares for a state of fight, confrontation, withdrawal, and flight. The stage of resistance: It is the stage through which the threat and the stress-causing crisis are resisted. The stage of exhaustion: It is the stage that occurs in the event of failure to confront the crisis that causes psychological stress, which leads to the persistence of the effect of psychological stress for a long time, and the consumption of physiological resources, which would cause a physical and emotional collapse.

. How to avoid stress

There are many ways and strategies through which one can avoid and face psychological pressures. The most important of these methods are: [3] Positive strategies: These are the methods that are used To storm the crisis and confront its effects, and this is done through: Attempting to solve the problem that causes psychological distress, and directly address it. Analyze the stressful situation in a logical manner. With the aim of understanding it, preparing for it, and for its consequences. Reconstructing, evaluating the situation in a positive way, trying to clarify the situation cognitively, and accepting reality as it is. Collecting information related to the stressful situation, and seeking help from the responsible authorities and community institutions that may have a relationship with the situation. Negative strategies: These are the methods that are used. To avoid the situation that leads to the occurrence of psychological pressure, but without resorting to rational thinking, and this is done through The use of cognitive attempts; In order to avoid realistic thinking in a stressful situation. Surrender to the stressful crisis, and make yourself accustomed to accepting it. Resorting to alternative activities and practices and trying to integrate into them; With the aim of avoiding the crisis that causes psychological stress, and finding new sources of adaptation and satisfaction. Express negative feelings, and reduce tension, through venting and emotional discharging, verbally, or through direct individual efforts. Cognitive strategies: It includes the following methods: Turning to Religion: that is, for individuals to resort to the spiritual side, pay attention to their religion, and perform rituals to the fullest, as it is an important source of emotional and spiritual support, which helps to cope with the crisis causing psychological stress, And try to overcome it. Rational thinking (in English: Rational Thinking): that is, the individual’s resort to realistic and logical thinking. In order to reach the causes and resources related to psychological stress. Imagining: the individual’s imagination of the events that may happen in the future, and facts related to the stress-causing crisis. Denial: It represents a cognitive process that the individual resort to. With the aim of neglecting or denying the crisis, and the psychological pressures resulting from it, in addition to ignoring the sources of anxiety, and considering that the crisis did not happen at all. Problem Solving: This is the search for new and innovative ideas. With the aim of confronting the crisis that causes psychological stress, and this method is called (mental calamity). Using a sense of humor (English: Humor): By resorting to the spirit of humor, it is possible to overcome psychological pressures and to deal with them in a simple manner without emotion or tension.

Sources of stress

Psychological stress does not arise on its own, but there are many events, causes, and sources that pave the way to feeling stressed, and the most important of these sources are: [2] Psychological persecution: It is in six types: Rejection (in English: Rejection): is represented by the rejection of the individual’s needs Rude. Harming feelings and neglecting them (in English: Denial of emotion): It is represented by the lack of interest and the constant neglect of the individual. Humiliation (English: degradation): This is done by insulting, insulting, and insulting in front of others. Terrorism (in English: Terrorization): that is, coercion of the individual, forcing him to watch murder, and violence against others. Isolation: Preventing the individual from engaging with others, participating, playing, and interacting with others. Exploitation: i.e. obtaining interest and personal interest from the individual; Because of his weakness, and his lack of resourcefulness. Boredom: where boredom is considered an important source of stress. Because when life is devoid of events and stimuli, a person begins to feel tension and anxiety. Life events: where life events affect, and sudden changes in the state of psychological stress of individuals, such as a change in the economic situation, or a change in the relationship with others, or it is related to family problems, or study pressures, failure in exams, and problems of adjustment with peers. Material deprivation in children: it may generate psychological pressure in children. Because of their being deprived of their basic needs, restricting their freedom, and forcing them to live a new life away from their peers and their preferred places. Wars: Wars and conflicts cause a state of psychological stress among different groups of members of society, especially children. Due to their psychological, mental, and physical nature.